Glossary of Terms 

Adoption:   Adoption is a way of forming a family, involving the placement of a child with adoptive parents, followed by a legal process, which establishes a child as if he or she was born to those adoptive parents 

In-Country Adoption: Adoption of an Indian child by Indian parent(s) residing in India. 

Inter-country Adoption: Legal placement of an Indian child with foreign adoptive parents, PIOs (Persons of Indian Origin) and NRIs (Non Resident Indian). 

Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act-1956. (H.A.M.A.)

Guardian and Wards Act-1890. (G.A.W.A.)

Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act-2000. (JJ Act-2000) 

Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA): An autonomous body functioning under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment to act as a Central Authority in the matter of adoptions. 

Recognized Indian Placement Agency for Inter-country Adoption (RIPA):  An Indian Social/Child Welfare Agency recognized by CARA for placement of Indian Children in Inter Country Adoption. 

Licensed Adoption Placement Agency for In-Country Adoption (LAPA): An Indian Social/Child Welfare Agency licensed/recognized by the State Government for In-country Adoption. 

Adoption Coordinating Agency (ACA): The ACA will be an organisation recognised by CARA and registered under the Registration of Societies Act and will have as its members various Adoption Agencies working in its area of jurisdiction. Its main objective is promotion of In-country adoption. 

Adoption Scrutinising Agency (ASA): An independent social/child welfare agency appointed by the Court for scrutinizing adoption applications for Incountry and Intercountry Adoptions.  

Child Welfare Committee(CWC): A Committee as defined in JJ Act-2000 to deal with children in need of care & protection.  

Juvenile Justice Board as constituted under Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act, 2000. JJB 

Child Study Report (CSR): It will contain details about the child, its date of birth, social background etc. 

Home Study Report (HSR):  It contains details of the Adoptive Couple’s social status & family background; description of Home; standard of living; relationship with spouse and family members; health details; economic status etc.  

Physical Examination Report (PER): It will contain medical report of the child, report of hospitalization if any etc.   

Prospective Adoptive Parents. PAP



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