Adoption under Juvenile Justice Act, 2000

The primary aim of rehabilitation and social reintegration under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and its Amendment Act, 2006 is to help children in restoring their dignity and self-worth and mainstream them through rehabilitation within the family where possible, or otherwise through alternate care programmes and long-term institutional care shall be of last resort.  The JJ Amendment Act of 2006 defines ‘adoption’ as the process through which the adopted child is permanently separated from his/her biological parents and become the legitimate child of his adoptive parents with all rights, privileges and responsibilities that are attached to the relationship.  It recognizes adoption as the best form

of rehabilitation and social integration for children, who cannot be cared for by his biological parents with a permanent substitute family.

All the adoption cases under JJ Act are disposed under ‘court’ which implies a civil court, which has jurisdiction in matters of adoption and guardianship and may include the court of the district judge, family courts and city civil court.  The court may allow a child to be given in adoption – a person irrespective of marital status, or parents to adopt a child of same sex irrespective of the number of living biological sons or daughters, or childless couples


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