Central Adoption Resource Authority
autonomous body functioning under Ministry of Social
Justice & Empowerment to act as a Central Authority in
the matter of adoptions.
Central Authority (CA):
defined under Hague Convention on Inter-country
Child Study Report (CSR):
will contain details about the child, its date of birth,
social background etc.
Child Welfare Committee (CWC):
Committee as defined in JJ Act-2000 to deal with
children in need of care & protection.
Clearance Certificate (CC):
certificate issued by ACA permitting the RIPA to place a
child in Inter-country Adoption. Clearance Certificate
is required in case of all adoptions placed with
foreigners and PIO.
Enlisted Foreign Adoption Agency (EFAA):
Foreign Social/Child Welfare Agency that is enlisted by
CARA for sponsoring the application of Prospective
Foreign Adoptive Parents/NRI for Inter-Country Adoption
of an Indian child.
Foreign Prospective Adoptive Parents.
Guardian and Wards Act, 1890
Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956
Home Study Report (HSR):
contains details of the adoptive family/Couple’s Social
Status & family background; Description of Home;
Standard of Living; Relationship; Health details;
Economic Status etc.
In-Country Adoption (IA):
Adoption of an Indian child by Indian parents residing
Inter-country Adoption (ICA):
placement of an Indian child with a prospective NRI, PIO
parents and foreign nationals.
Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children)
Licensed Adoption Placement Agency for
In-Country Adoption (LAPA):
Indian Social/Child Welfare Agency licensed/recognized
by the State Government for In-country Adoption.
No Objection Certificate (NOC):
Certificate issued by CARA permitting the child to be
placed with a prospective adoptive parents for
Non-Resident Indian/Indians (holding Indian Passport).
Physical Examination Report (PER):
will contain medical report of the child, report of
hospitalization if any etc.
Persons of Indian Origin.
Recognized Indian Placement Agency for
Inter-country Adoption (RIPA):
Indian Social/ Child Welfare Agency recognized by CARA
for placement of Indian Children in Inter Country